Cultural dating wikipedia

Additionally, cultural ideas may transfer from one society to another, through diffusion or acculturation.In diffusion, the form of something (though not necessarily its meaning) moves from one culture to another.Rein Raud, building on the work of Umberto Eco, Pierre Bourdieu and Jeffrey C.Alexander, has proposed a model of cultural change based on claims and bids, which are judged by their cognitive adequacy and endorsed or not endorsed by the symbolic authority of the cultural community in question.Such hierarchical perspectives on culture are also found in class-based distinctions between a high culture of the social elite and a low culture, popular culture, or folk culture of the lower classes, distinguished by the stratified access to cultural capital.In common parlance, culture is often used to refer specifically to the symbolic markers used by ethnic groups to distinguish themselves visibly from each other such as body modification, clothing or jewelry.This ability arose with the evolution of behavioral modernity in humans around 50,000 years ago, and is often thought to be unique to humans, although some other species have demonstrated similar, though much less complex, abilities for social learning.

Cultures are internally affected by both forces encouraging change and forces resisting change.Sometimes "culture" is also used to describe specific practices within a subgroup of a society, a subculture (e.g. Within cultural anthropology, the ideology and analytical stance of cultural relativism holds that cultures cannot easily be objectively ranked or evaluated because any evaluation is necessarily situated within the value system of a given culture.using an agricultural metaphor for the development of a philosophical soul, understood teleologically as the highest possible ideal for human development.Cultures are externally affected via contact between societies, which may also produce—or inhibit—social shifts and changes in cultural practices.War or competition over resources may impact technological development or social dynamics.Raimon Panikkar identified 29 ways in which cultural change can be brought about, including growth, development, evolution, involution, renovation, reconception, reform, innovation, revivalism, revolution, mutation, progress, diffusion, osmosis, borrowing, eclecticism, syncretism, modernization, indigenization, and transformation.

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